Source code for certbot.error_handler

"""Registers functions to be called if an exception or signal occurs."""
import functools
import logging
import signal
import traceback

# pylint: disable=unused-import, no-name-in-module
from acme.magic_typing import Any, Callable, Dict, List, Union
# pylint: enable=unused-import, no-name-in-module

from certbot import errors
from certbot.compat import os

logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)

# _SIGNALS stores the signals that will be handled by the ErrorHandler. These
# signals were chosen as their default handler terminates the process and could
# potentially occur from inside Python. Signals such as SIGILL were not
# included as they could be a sign of something devious and we should terminate
# immediately.
if != "nt":
    _SIGNALS = [signal.SIGTERM]
    for signal_code in [signal.SIGHUP, signal.SIGQUIT,
                        signal.SIGXCPU, signal.SIGXFSZ]:
        # Adding only those signals that their default action is not Ignore.
        # This is platform-dependent, so we check it dynamically.
        if signal.getsignal(signal_code) != signal.SIG_IGN:
    # POSIX signals are not implemented natively in Windows, but emulated from the C runtime.
    # As consumed by CPython, most of handlers on theses signals are useless, in particular
    # SIGTERM: for instance, os.kill(pid, signal.SIGTERM) will call TerminateProcess, that stops
    # immediately the process without calling the attached handler. Besides, non-POSIX signals
    # (CTRL_C_EVENT and CTRL_BREAK_EVENT) are implemented in a console context to handle the
    # CTRL+C event to a process launched from the console. Only CTRL_C_EVENT has a reliable
    # behavior in fact, and maps to the handler to SIGINT. However in this case, a
    # KeyboardInterrupt is raised, that will be handled by ErrorHandler through the context manager
    # protocol. Finally, no signal on Windows is electable to be handled using ErrorHandler.
    # Refs:,,
    _SIGNALS = []

[docs]class ErrorHandler(object): """Context manager for running code that must be cleaned up on failure. The context manager allows you to register functions that will be called when an exception (excluding SystemExit) or signal is encountered. Usage:: handler = ErrorHandler(cleanup1_func, *cleanup1_args, **cleanup1_kwargs) handler.register(cleanup2_func, *cleanup2_args, **cleanup2_kwargs) with handler: do_something() Or for one cleanup function:: with ErrorHandler(func, args, kwargs): do_something() If an exception is raised out of do_something, the cleanup functions will be called in last in first out order. Then the exception is raised. Similarly, if a signal is encountered, the cleanup functions are called followed by the previously received signal handler. Each registered cleanup function is called exactly once. If a registered function raises an exception, it is logged and the next function is called. Signals received while the registered functions are executing are deferred until they finish. """ def __init__(self, func, *args, **kwargs): self.call_on_regular_exit = False self.body_executed = False self.funcs = [] # type: List[Callable[[], Any]] self.prev_handlers = {} # type: Dict[int, Union[int, None, Callable]] self.received_signals = [] # type: List[int] if func is not None: self.register(func, *args, **kwargs) def __enter__(self): self.body_executed = False self._set_signal_handlers() def __exit__(self, exec_type, exec_value, trace): self.body_executed = True retval = False # SystemExit is ignored to properly handle forks that don't exec if exec_type is SystemExit: return retval elif exec_type is None: if not self.call_on_regular_exit: return retval elif exec_type is errors.SignalExit: logger.debug("Encountered signals: %s", self.received_signals) retval = True else: logger.debug("Encountered exception:\n%s", "".join( traceback.format_exception(exec_type, exec_value, trace))) self._call_registered() self._reset_signal_handlers() self._call_signals() return retval
[docs] def register(self, func, *args, **kwargs): # type: (Callable, *Any, **Any) -> None """Sets func to be run with the given arguments during cleanup. :param function func: function to be called in case of an error """ self.funcs.append(functools.partial(func, *args, **kwargs))
[docs] def _call_registered(self): """Calls all registered functions""" logger.debug("Calling registered functions") while self.funcs: try: self.funcs[-1]() except Exception: # pylint: disable=broad-except logger.error("Encountered exception during recovery: ", exc_info=True) self.funcs.pop()
[docs] def _set_signal_handlers(self): """Sets signal handlers for signals in _SIGNALS.""" for signum in _SIGNALS: prev_handler = signal.getsignal(signum) # If prev_handler is None, the handler was set outside of Python if prev_handler is not None: self.prev_handlers[signum] = prev_handler signal.signal(signum, self._signal_handler)
[docs] def _reset_signal_handlers(self): """Resets signal handlers for signals in _SIGNALS.""" for signum in self.prev_handlers: signal.signal(signum, self.prev_handlers[signum]) self.prev_handlers.clear()
[docs] def _signal_handler(self, signum, unused_frame): """Replacement function for handling received signals. Store the received signal. If we are executing the code block in the body of the context manager, stop by raising signal exit. :param int signum: number of current signal """ self.received_signals.append(signum) if not self.body_executed: raise errors.SignalExit
[docs] def _call_signals(self): """Finally call the deferred signals.""" for signum in self.received_signals: logger.debug("Calling signal %s", signum) os.kill(os.getpid(), signum)
[docs]class ExitHandler(ErrorHandler): """Context manager for running code that must be cleaned up. Subclass of ErrorHandler, with the same usage and parameters. In addition to cleaning up on all signals, also cleans up on regular exit. """ def __init__(self, func, *args, **kwargs): ErrorHandler.__init__(self, func, *args, **kwargs) self.call_on_regular_exit = True